Electrowinning of copper in a lab-scale squirrel-cage cell with anion membrane

L. Cifuentes, R. Ortiz, J. M. Casas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work describes the design and optimization of a laboratory-scale copper electrowinning cell based on reactive electrodialysis that incorporates a cathode made of copper granules contained in a rotating squirrel-cage-type enclosure. It also incorporates the Fe2+ → Fe3+ + e anodic reaction to overcome the principal disadvantages of conventional electrowinning technology. With this design, anolyte (aqueous FeSO4 + H2SO4) and catholyte (aqueous CuSO4 + H 2SO4) are kept separate by an anion membrane that prevents cation transport between the electrolytes. Experiments were carried out to characterize cell performance under various conditions, and results show that energy requirements with this cell can be 25% lower than conventional industrial values. The same results also show that the squirrel-cage cell can be used to electrowin copper from impoverished electrolytes. © 2005 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2273-2284
Number of pages12
JournalAIChE Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

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