Like most power converter topologies, multilevel inverters are controlled with modulation techniques that are conceptually based on nonlinear waveform synthesis assuming constant dc-link voltages. However, real applications have load and supply dependent dc-links that usually present important low frequency ripple, which is also modulated and transmitted to the load, generating undesirable low frequency voltage and current distortion. This paper introduces a simple but effective dc-link ripple feedforward strategy into traditional carrier-based modulation techniques. The dc-link ripples are measured and used to modify the carriers or the reference directly in the modulation stage. Simulation and experimental results show the accuracy of the proposed method, eliminating low order harmonics in the load current. © 2007 IEEE.
Kouro, S., Lezana, P., Angulo, M., & Rodriguez, J. (2008). Multicarrier PWM with DC-link ripple feedforward compensation for multilevel inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 52-59. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.911834